Protecting and learning from the land and the people who cared for it for millennia is a key component of the environmental approach Hunter Water takes in its operations.
Archaeologist Nicola Roche, who offers the organisation advice as a consultant, says the way in which Australians now use the landscape has led to more and more development.
“This means the archaeological sites, artefacts and landscapes that remain are important for current and future generations to understand that this country has been home to Aboriginal people for many tens of thousands of years,” Nicola says.
“All of us [can] understand and learn from how Aboriginal people lived, and thrived, in what could be a really challenging place, developing land management techniques that are only now starting to be recognised for their complexity and ingenuity.”
Nicola’s perspective comes amid NAIDOC Week 2021, which is being celebrated around the nation until Sunday 11 July.
This year’s theme, ‘Heal Country!’, calls for stronger measures to recognise, protect, and maintain all aspects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture and heritage.
Nicola works for Umwelt (Australia) and has been providing archaeology and cultural heritage advice to Hunter Water since 2015.
Alongside colleague Ashley O’Sullivan, she offers guidance on the potential risks to cultural heritage, goes out in the field with Aboriginal stakeholders to survey and assess land where works are proposed, and inspects excavated areas where artefacts are expected to be present below the ground surface.
Nicola has also completed detailed archival recordings of heritage buildings Hunter Water owns or maintains.
“[The role] covers everything from the ground up, literally,” she says.
When conducting assessments, Nicola stresses the first option is to determine how any work might avoid impacts to a site or artefacts.
However, this is not always possible for some projects, such as introducing a new water supply or changes to wastewater systems to meet current demand.
“When that happens, we work with the Aboriginal stakeholders to identify ways we can manage those impacts so the sites and artefacts and the information that they can tell us are appropriately documented and, where possible, retained for future generations,” Nicola says.
Umwelt (Australia) has recently been awarded a contract to continue to provide archaeological support services to Hunter Water for another three years.